Marian is part of the traditional lands of the Yuwibara people.
By the late 1870’s Marian was established as a sugar cane town. In 1883 the Marian Sugar Mill was built. The Pioneer Valley railway was opened from Mackay to Mirani (via Marian) in 1885, and Marian primary school was opened the next year.
Until the 1990’s, Marian had a small but stable population.
The population quadrupled as a result of the mining boom from 2002 until 2013, due to Marian’s proximity to the Peak Downs Highway out to the coal mines in the Bowen Basin.